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Terracina, Priverno & San Felice

Terracina, Priverno & San Felice Circeo

Terracina, Priverno and San Felice

 

 

Day 1

Arrival at Rome Fiumicino airport and welcome by our driver who will be waiting for you with at the airport.

Transfer by coach from Rome Airport to your hotel in Terracina.

Check in at the Hotel and accommodation in your room. Welcome drink, dinner and overnight.

 

Day 2

Breakfast and appointment with our local English speaking guide who will escort us through-out the day excursion in Terracina with its historical centre that we will reach by coach

             

Terracina appears in ancient sources with two names: the Latin Tarracina and the Volscian Anxur. The latter is the name of Jupiter as a child, and was the tutelary god of the city, venerated on the Mount Neptunius (current Monte S. Angelo), where a temple dedicated to him still exists. The name Terracina comes from the tradition that the Volscian had to dine (cena) on the ground ( terra) , the combination of "terra” and "cena” gave the name Terracena that has now become Terracina.

 

The city occupied a position of notable strategic importance: it is located in fact at the point where the Volscian hills reach the coast, leaving no space for passage between them and the sea. In  509 B.C. Terracina was already under Roman supremacy. In 406 it was stormed by the Romans, then lost in 402, recovered in 400, unsuccessfully attacked by the Volsci  397, and finally secured by the establishment of a colony of Roman citizens in 329 B.C.

 

The construction of the Via Appia in 312 B.C. added to its importance: the road at first crossed the hill at the back of the promontory by a steep ascent and descent. It was probably in consequence of the road cut just mentioned that some of the more important buildings of the imperial period were erected in the low ground by the shore and near the small harbour. The rest of the Romans presence can still been seen today in Palazzo Venditti and the Emilian Forum , on top of which was built the Cathedral in the 18th Century .

           

After the visit of Terracina we will head by coach to the little harbour where we will have lunch based on local fish menu in a local restaurant.

           

 

After lunch departure by coach for the guided visit of Temple of Jupiter Anxur.

 

 

The temple, or Roman sanctuary, above Terracina dates back to the fourth century B.C., though much of the development belongs to the first and second centuries B.C. The complex is large and spectacularly-situated, dominating the shoreline and sea. The sanctuary has long been assumed to have been dedicated to Jupiter, although Venus has been another suggestion. The large complex consisted of several buildings constructed over several centuries. The principal temple would have dominated the skyline, sitting on a large platform above the arcade substructure and accessed up twelve steps. Behind this building a colonnaded portico along the cliffs. At a short distance a smaller temple had its own levelled rocky base, while other features included an 'oracle's cave', cisterns and military headquarters. A huge wall with nine towers protects the headland.

 

The most impressive remains are those of the vaulting at the base of the main temple area. A sequence of eleven arches provide a panoramic and striking cloister facing the sea, while on the landward side, the passage opens onto a 60m-long vaulted hall.

 

After the visit return to the hotel by coach, dinner and overnight.

 

Day 3

Breakfast and departure with our coach and guide for the half day guided visit of the Abbey of Fossanova.

 

           

Fossanova Abbey, earlier Fossa Nuova, is a Cistercian monastery in Italy, in the province of Rome, near the railway-station of Priverno, 100 kilometers south-east of Rome.

 

It is the finest example of a Cistercian abbey, and of the Burgundian Early Gothic style, in Italy, and dates from the end of the 12th to the end of the 13th century. The church (1187-1208) is closely similar to that of Casamari. The other buildings also are noteworthy. Saint Thomas Aquinas died here in 1274.

Lunch in a local restaurant. Lunch is based on a typical local traditional cuisine of Priverno .

After lunch we will continue by coach towards Priverno by coach for our half day guided visit of the town.

 Priverno town hall

Privernum is described by Livy a flourishing Volscian, which was conquered and destroyed by the Romans in the late 4th Century BC. The town recovered under the Roman rule, but disappeared after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, probably destroyed by Saracen attacks.

It was later a minor center of the Papal States, to which it belonged until the capture of Rome in 1870.

In the nearby Abbey of Fossanova St Thomas Aquinas ?? the town’s patron saint - died on March 7th, 1274.

After the visit return to the hotel in Terracina by coach.

Dinner and overnight.

 

Day 4

Breakfast at the hotel. After breakfast our driver will be waiting for us to depart by coach for the guided visit of the National park of San Felice Circeo.

 

Appointment with our guide at the entrance of the Park, today called "Selva Circe”, is the only example of plain forest with a natural vegetation dominated by the presence of deciduous oaks, despite the hydraulic reclaiming, given the geo-morphological features of the territory where it vegetates, and old coastal dune which consolidated during the centuries shows still today wide areas called "piscine”, seasonally flooded by meteoric waters. The uniqueness of this environment led to its inclusion in 1977 in the net of the M.A.B UNESCO Programme for the Biosphere Reserves ( Man and Biosphere).

After the visit lunch in a local restaurant on the sand dunes of sabaudia.

 

After lunch departure for the visit of the town of San Felice Circeo.

The city of San Felice Circeo is steeped in an abundance of history and wonders. In Roman times, this place was believed to be the home of Circe. Augustus exiled his former fellow-conspirator, Lepidus, here in 36 BC.

Walking through the town it is impossible not to stop and admire the Tower of the Templar Knights built on the main square right in the center of the town. By the beach within the property if the Hotel Neanderthal , the is the Guatteri Grotto where the skull of the man if Neanderthal was found.

 

After the visit we will make our way back to the hotel by coach. Farewell dinner and overnight.

 

 

Day 5

Breakfast and departure by coach towards Rome Fiumicino airport for the return flight back home.

 

ENIT Mare del Lazio Regione Lazio Provincia di Latina PayPal